difference, the exchange of funding makes a Cross Currency Swap a physical swap. . Cashflows, the easiest way to explain a Cross Currency Swap is to talk about a loan in one currency versus a loan in another currency. An importer wants a strong currency therefore negative forward points are detrimental to the hedged conversion rate. Throw in some cashflow diagrams and talk of principal exchanges, and the story is fairly complete. As its name implies, a currency swap is the exchange of currencies between two parties. Market Conventions, the Cross Currency Swap market has always been split in two the Dealer-to-Dealer market versus the end-user Dealer-to-Client market. D2C Markets Dealers trade a very specific structure. In order to take out any credit risk issues, broker feeds assume perfect collateralisation ( daily, no minimum transfer amount and so should you for your pure "first-order" rates pricing purposes. Usually you would go from the xccy basis to FX forwards since the latter usually has market data only for short-term maturities ( 1 year). The NZD/USD is a good example because of the significant interest rate differentials between the two currencies.
So what I mean is that depending on how you combine these factors (associative property of multiplication.) you can either call them FX forwards, single-currency discount factors or basis discount factors but it really comes down to the same thing. Thinking of it this way, you can see why we refer to this trade as paying the cross currency basis. At the same time, it lends a online forex trading football pool result corresponding amount to the counterparty in the currency that it holds. FX Spot * df df, where df(xx) is the respective discount factor on each curve at a given date. If NZD1,201,201 is invested for one year at a NZ interest rate.45 per annum, at the end of one year NZD1,201,201 is NZD1,242,643. Unlike in a cross currency swap, in an FX swap there are no exchanges of interest during the contract term and a differing amount of funds is exchanged at the end of the contract. After all, in a capital markets world where all banks on the planet assumed they could roll unlimited funds at Libor flat, why would you pay a premium over Libor to lock-in term funding. I am expecting to cash-settle the interest rate differential between the two currencies over time. While the idea of a swap by definition normally refers to a simple exchange of property or assets between parties, a currency swap also involves the conditions determining the relative value of the assets involved. (How strange it is to see those words written down in 2017 ) The GFC changed all of that.