1988 stainless steel 10-, 25- and 50-paise coins were introduced, followed by 1- and 5-rupee coins in 1992. The currency was decimalised on, with the rupee subdivided into 100 pice, renamed (in English) paise (singular paisa ) later the same year. New coins and banknotes were issued in 1948. "The "Fuller Capital Account Convertibility Report" (PDF). All three Presidencies issued gold mohurs and fractions of mohurs including 116, 12, 14 in Bengal, 115 (a gold rupee) and 13 (pancia) in Bombay and 14, 13 and 12 in Madras. Australian Dollar, bitcoin, brazilian Real, british Pound, bulgarian Lev. Archived from the original on Retrieved 1 September 2009. Until 1971, Pakistani banknotes were bilingual, featuring Bengali translation of the Urdu text (where the currency was called taka instead of rupee since Bengali was the state language of East Pakistan (now Bangladesh ). On the larger denomination notes, the watermark is a picture of Jinnah, while on smaller notes, it is a crescent and star.
All three issued rupees and fractions thereof down to 18- and 116-rupee in silver. However, by February 2011 Forex reserves had recovered and set a new record of 17 billion.
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Http /s "Notes out of circulation" Check url value ( help ). In 1835, British India adopted a mono-metallic silver standard based on the rupee; this decision was influenced by a letter written by Lord Liverpool in 1805 extolling the virtues of mono-metallism. The parallel lines at the top (with white space between them) are said to make an allusion to the tricolour. While the rest of Europe purchased large quantities binary options trade broker of gold from the United Kingdom, there was little increase in her gold reserves. "Triennial Central Bank Survey Foreign exchange turnover in April 2016" (PDF). San Francisco, CA:. A b c "The Silver Question". The silver rupee continued as the currency of India through the British Raj and beyond. Retrieved Rituparna Kar and Nityananda Sarkar: Mean and volatility dynamics of Indian rupee/US dollar exchange rate series: an empirical investigation in Asia-Pacific Finan Markets (2006) 13:4169,. Mukherjee, Amrita (14 November 2016). "banks' floating average exchange rates" (PDF).